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Prostate Health and Cancer Risk

Posted by Manuela Boyle on 1 September 2023
Prostate Health and Cancer Risk

Prostate health is a topic of growing concern, and research is shedding light on the relationship between lifestyle choices and the risk of prostate cancer. Observational studies have unveiled intriguing connections that highlight the importance of making healthy choices to maintain optimal prostate health. Let's delve into the latest findings and recommendations for a well-rounded approach to prostate care.

Insulin Resistance and Glucose Levels
Evidence suggests that individuals with heightened insulin resistance face an increased prevalence of prostate cancer. Elevated glucose levels have also been linked to higher prostate cancer risk, particularly the development of aggressive forms of the disease. The role of glucose as an energy source for tumour cell growth raises concerns about its potential influence on DNA damage, oxidative stress, and chronic inflammation, all of which are implicated in cancer progression.

Cholesterol and Risk
Total serum cholesterol levels have not escaped scrutiny either. Studies indicate a connection between higher cholesterol levels and an elevated risk of high-grade prostate cancer diagnosis. This emphasises the interconnectedness of various health markers and their potential impact on prostate health.

The Power of Nutrition and Fasting
Research continually delves into dietary factors that influence prostate cancer risk. A 2021 study highlighted the benefits of a plant-based diet in reducing the odds of elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. Increased intake of fruits and vegetables, combined with reduced red meat and saturated fat consumption, may decrease prostate malignancy risk and improve survival rates.

The Mediterranean diet has garnered attention for its potential protective effects against prostate cancer. Adherence to this diet appears to be inversely associated with prostate cancer development and overall cancer mortality. Its emphasis on fruits, vegetables, and whole grains offers a well-rounded approach to nutrition.

Emerging research also points to the potential benefits of therapeutic fasting interventions. Preliminary studies indicate that water-only fasting and extended overnight fasting could contribute to positive prostate health outcomes by improving urinary function, sex hormone levels, and prostate disease symptoms.

Embracing Physical Activity and Movement
Physical activity has long been linked to overall well-being, and studies suggest its role in mitigating prostate cancer risk and improving post-diagnosis outcomes. Beyond structured exercise, the significance of avoiding prolonged sedentary behaviour has gained attention. High levels of sedentary behaviour are associated with increased cancer risk, including prostate cancer. Additionally, high-intensity interval training (HIIT) has shown promise in reducing PSA levels and slowing prostate cancer cell growth.

Stress Management and Sleep
Chronic stress can have widespread effects on health, including prostate health. Mind-body therapies like yoga, mindfulness, and meditation are believed to balance cortisol levels and contribute to the well-being of individuals with prostate cancer. Studies have hinted at a connection between stress-induced cortisol fluctuations and PSA levels.

Quality sleep is another crucial factor to consider for prostate health. Poor sleep patterns have been linked to an elevated risk of prostate cancer. Factors such as sleep duration, insomnia, snoring, and daytime sleepiness have been studied for their potential influence on prostate cancer incidence.

Incorporating these insights into daily life offers a comprehensive approach to promoting prostate health and potentially reducing the risk of prostate cancer. From mindful nutrition to embracing physical activity and managing stress, these lifestyle choices can collectively contribute to a healthier prostate and improved overall well-being.

Author:Manuela Boyle
Tags:NewsPrevention & RecoveryCancerProstate cancerBlogs


  • The Institute for Functional Medicine
  • Society for Integrative Oncology
  • Naturopaths and Herbalists Association of Australia
  • Australian Traditional-Medicine Society
  • British Naturopathic Association