Parents' Cancer Can Have 'Devastating Effects' on Children
When a parent develops cancer, children and adolescents are more likely to miss school, visit emergency departments, and experience negative mental health consequences, a new study shows.
"Everyone who has ever been touched by cancer knows the havoc it can wreak on individuals and families," lead author Zhiyuan Zheng, PhD, senior principal scientist and health economist at the American Cancer Society (ACS), said in a news release. "Our study clearly shows the devastating effects that parental cancer has on children in terms of financial hardship and mental and physical health."
Receiving a cancer diagnosis can affect members of the family, but experts know little about the impact parental cancer can have on a child’s well-being.
Using recent National Health Interview Survey data, Zheng and colleagues identified 1232 children (mean age, 11.7 years) living in families with a history of parental cancer along with 33,870 peers (mean age, 10.8 years) in families without a parental cancer history. The results show that children from families with a parental cancer history were more likely to miss school due to illness or injury and not receive needed medical care due to cost, compared with peers without this challenge.
These children were also more apt to take prescription medications for at least 3 months, visit the emergency department, and experience worse mental health. These mental health issues included feeling worried or unhappy, depressed, or tearful, having trouble attending to chores or homework, as well as encountering challenges concentrating, regulating emotions, or getting along with others.
In fully adjusted models, most child health outcomes remained adversely associated with a history of parental cancer.
"The scope and depth of the associations between history of parental cancer and school absenteeism and other child health outcomes are concerning, especially because they may lead to more serious health issues for these children in adulthood," Zheng and colleagues write.
It is critical and urgent that health care providers (including GPs and complementary medicine specialists) screen children with a parental cancer history to determine how they have been impacted and begin to provide care and support as needed.
Hidden Collateral Impact of Cancer in Families
In a related editorial, Chris Feudtner, MD, PhD, MPH, from the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, and colleagues note that much of medical care proceeds as though "blithely unaware" of the collateral impact of the patients’ illness on the health and well-being of other family members. This is important because children's wellbeing has a profound effects on parental well-being and vice versa.
It’s clear that families of individuals with serious illness need more support than the current healthcare system provides.
"Addressing the needs of these families requires not just providing additional support and resources at individual health institutions but also carefully reevaluating how professionals and programs in different areas of the family’s life can support the families and what policies at the local, state, and federal level would make it easier for families to receive the support they need," Feudtner and colleagues conclude.
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